Samisake Program is improving economic capabilities urban poor in Bengkulu City, Indonesia

Sugeng Suharto


The Samisake program, initiated by the Mayor of Bengkulu, Indonesia to alleviate the poverty of urban communities, is an acronym for “Satu Milyar Satu Kelurahan,” which means one billion one village. This research proves that the Samisake program can improve the economy of the urban poor in Bengkulu City, Indonesia. The results are incredible; 70.13% managed to create a new business, only 10.02 % misused the loan for consumptive needs and 19.85 % deliberately did not repay the loan. The results showed that the Samisake program helped improve the lives of the urban poor. From the existing data, those who were initially unemployed now earn around US$138 per month. At the same time, those who already own a business experienced a 25%–30% increase in turnover per month. When viewed from the data, the money in circulation amounted to Rp 12 billion (US$ 827.587) in 2018, Rp 13 billion (US$ 896.552) in 2019, about Rp 12 billion (US$ 827.587) in 2020, and Rp 14 billion (965.517) in 2021. Samisake's total funds amounted to 51 billion. The percentage of those unemployed decreased by 3.65% from 2018 to 2021.


government policy, economic capabilities, urban poor, poverty alleviation

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