A Slight Revenge and a Growing Hope for Mauritius and the Chagossians: The UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal’s Award of 18 March 2015 on Chagos Marine Protected Area (Mauritius v. United Kingdom)

Géraldine Giraudeau

Resumo


The recent award of 18 March 2015 puts an end to the arbitration esta- blished under Part XV of the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea and its Annex VII, about the creation, by the United Kingdom, of a huge marine protected area around the Chagos islands. The proceedings – initiated by Mauritius- constitute a new page, this time at an international level, of the already very furnished litigation arising from the scandalous detachment of this isolated archipelago from the territory of the former British colony, and the removal of its entire population for defence interests. The award is substantially favourable to Mauritius and unanimously recog- nizes the incompatibility of the marine protected area (MPA) with articles 2(3), 56(2) and 194(4) UNCLOS. Even if it does not directly address the dispute regarding the sovereignty on the islands, it creates some fundamen- tal consequences on the whole issue, by declaring the Lancaster House Un- dertakings legally binding. It also brings an essential enlightenment on the interpretation of the rights and the compulsory dispute settlement mecha- nisms provided by the Montego Bay Convention. This article analyses the award and the reasoning followed by the panel, in connexion with the whole dispute and the law of the sea. It also pretends to demonstrate the important consequences of the decision.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ALLEN, S. International Law and the Resettlement of the (Outer) Chagos Islands. Human Rights Law Review,Oxford, v. 8, n. 4, p. 683-702, 2008.

Chagos Islanders v. Attorney General [2003] EWHC 2222 (Ouseley J).

Chagos Islanders v. Attorney General [2004] EWCA Civ 997 (Sedley LJ).

ECHR, Chagos Islanders v. United Kingdom, n. 35622/04, 12 December 2012.

MONEBHURRUN, N. Creating Marine Protected Areas to assert territorial jurisdiction against the Right of Abode of Native Populations: The Case of the Cha¬gos Archielago. In: GÓMEZ, E. M. Vásquez; CINELLI, C. (Ed.). Regional Strategies to Maritime Security. A Comparative Perspective. Valence: Tirant Lo Blanch, 2014. p. 79-100.

ONU. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982.

ONU. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2066(XX).

ONU. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2232(XXI).

ONU. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2357(XXII).

PCA, Chagos Marine Protected Area Arbitration (Mau¬ritius v. United Kingdom), Award of 18 march 2015, 217 p. Available on the:

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (n. 1) [2001] QB 1067 (Laws LJ and Gribbs J).

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 2) [2006] EWCH 1038 (Admn.) -R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 2) [2008] QB 365.

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 2) [2009] 1 AC 453 (Hoffmann LJ).

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 3) [2013] EWHC 1502 (Admin) (Richards LJ).

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 3) [2014] EWCA CIV 708.

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961.

WELLENS, K. Negociations in the Case Law of the International Court of Justice: a Functional Analysis. Ashgate, 2014.

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 1) [2001] QB 1067 (Laws LJ and Gribbs J).

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 2) [2006] EWCH 1038 (Admn.) -R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 2) [2008] QB 365.

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 2) [2009] 1 AC 453 (Hoffmann LJ).

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 3) [2013] EWHC 1502 (Admin) (Richards LJ).

R (Bancoult) v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Com¬monwealth Affairs (n. 3) [2014] EWCA CIV 708.

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961.

WELLENS, K. Negociations in the Case Law of the International Court of Justice: a Functional Analysis. Ashgate, 2014.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5102/rdi.v12i2.3878

ISSN 2236-997X (impresso) - ISSN 2237-1036 (on-line)

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia