Is trade governance changing?

Alberto Amaral Junior

Resumo


Preferential trade agreements have experienced an extraordinary expansion since 1990s. This issue is fundamental because it calls into question global governance in world trade. Crafted in the post Cold War world, WTO function was undermined as the main instrument of governing world trade. PTA’s seem inextricably associated with the globalization logics. Similar observation obliges us to look at the globalized world with a more powerful lens. At the end of Uruguay Round, WTO became the main pillar of the world trade system. The burgeoning of preferential trade agreements since the last decade of the twentieth century, the WTO position as the major tool for trade governance is seriously threatened.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NA¬TIONS. Guiding principles and objectives for negotiating the regional comprehensive economic partnership. ASEAN. Avai¬lable at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.

AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AF¬FAIRS AND TRADE. Regional comprehensive economic partnership negotiations. DFTA. Available at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.

BIRKBECK, Carolyn; BOTWRIGHT, Kimberley. The future of the global trade and investment architecture: pursuing sustainable development in the global economy: over¬view of issues, challenges and debates. e15initiative. Geneva: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and World Economic Forum, 2015. Available at:

JÚNIOR, Alberto do Amaral. Is Trade Governance Changing?. Revista de Direito Internacional, Brasília, v. 12, n. 2, 2015 p. 370-382

architecture/>. Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.

BRIGES WEEKLY. After TPP Deal Reached in Atlan¬ta, Focus Shifts to Ratification. BRIDGES, v. 19, n. 33, 8 Oct. 2015. Available at: . Acces¬sed: 25 nov. 2015.

DRAPER, Peter; LACEY, Simon; RAMKOLOWAN, Yash. Mega-regional trade agreements: implications for the African, Caribbean, and the Pacific Countries. ECIPE. Brussels: European Centre for International Political Economy, 2014. Available at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.

DRAPER, Peter; MÉLENDEZ-ORTIZ, Ricardo. The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the Trans-Atlan¬tic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): key is¬sues and potential impact on members. In: WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM. Mega-Regional Trade Agreements: game-changers or costly distractions for the World Tra¬ding System? Global Agenda Council on Trade and Fo¬reign Direct Investment, Report 160414, jul. 2014.

DUPONT, Cedric. Asian +, RCEP and TPP: a clash of integration concepts. In: BALDWIN, Richard; KAWAI, Mashiro; WIGNARAJA, Ganeshan. The future of the world trading system: asian perspectives. London: Center For Economic Policy Research (CEPR), 2013. Availa¬ble at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.

EUROPEAN COMISSION. Commission proposes new investment court system for TTIP and other EU trade and in¬vestment negotiations. EC. 2015. Available at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.

EUROPEAN COMISSION. Consultations: online pu¬blic consultation on investment protection and inve¬stor-to-state dispute settlement (ISDS) in the Transat¬lantic Trade and investment partnership agreement. EC. 2014b. Available at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.

EUROPEAN COMISSION. Preliminary report: online public consultation on investment protection and in-vestor-to-state dispute settlement (ISDS) in the Tran¬satlantic Trande and investment partnership agreement. EC. 2014a. Available at: . Acces¬sed: 25 nov. 2015.

HURRELL, Andrew. International law 1989-2010: a performance appraisal. In: CRAWFORD, James; NOUWEN, Sarah (Ed.). Select proceedings of the Europe¬an Society of International Law. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2012. v. 3.

JANK, Marcos. Impacto do TPP no Brasil será profundo e exige uma reação. Folha de São Paulo, São Paulo, 7 out. 2015. Disponível em: . Aces¬so em: 25 nov. 2015.

MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ, Ricardo. Mega-regionals: what is going on? In: WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM. Mega-regional trade agreements: game-changers or costly di¬stractions for the World Trading System? Global Agen¬da Council on Trade and Foreign Direct Investment, Report 160414, jul. 2014.

NEW ZELAND. Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Tra¬de. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). MFAT. Available at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.

OFFE, Claus. Governance: an empty signifier? Constella¬tions, New York, v. 16, n. 4, p. 550-562, Dec. 2009.

STEPHENSON, Sherry. Impact of Mega-Regionals on the Asia-Pacific Region. In: WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM. Mega-Regional Trade Agreements: game-changers or costly distractions for the World Trading System? Global Agenda Council on Trade and Foreign Direct Investment, Report 160414, jul. 2014.

THORSTENSEN, Vera; FERRAZ, Lucas (Coord.). A multiplicação dos acordos preferenciais de comércio e o isolamento do Brasil. Instituto de Estudos para o Desenvolvimento Industrial: junho, 2013. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 25 nov. 2015.

UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT. World Investment Report 2014. UNCTAD. Available at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015

UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE. The Trans-Pacific Partnership: leveling the playing field for American workers and American Business. USTR. Available at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.

XIAO, Yifei. Competitive Mega-regional Trade Agreements: Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) vs. Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal – CUREJ. University of Pennsylvania, 2015. Available at: . Accessed: 25 nov. 2015.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5102/rdi.v12i2.3664

ISSN 2236-997X (impresso) - ISSN 2237-1036 (on-line)

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia